Night photo of the Mormon temple in Oakland, California at night, overlooking the city.

Thank you for taking the time to learn about my religion. It shows great respect that you seek to understand another person’s faith. We are a very misunderstood people, so as you read this post, please set aside any preconceived notions of what others have said about us, and focus on what we actually believe.

As you first read our beliefs, you are sure to find many things that may be aligned with your views as well. You’ll also find some that are different. You can pray to know what is true–even if you had thought differently before.

I wrote this post in a bullet-point format for quick reference, but know that each one of these bullet points represents something deeply meaningful to latter-day saints, so more study may be required to really understand.

11 Quick Beliefs to Understand Latter-Day Saints Generally

  • There is no such thing as the “Mormon Church.” That nickname got attached to us at some point, but the real name of the church is “The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.” We care about the difference because we want to emphasize our belief in Christ. Members of the church are properly called “latter-day saints.”
  • We believe in God, the eternal father, and in his son, Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Ghost.
  • We believe that only through the grace of Jesus Christ can we be saved. Christ is our Savior and none of us could be saved without Him. No one can earn their own salvation. We all rely completely on Christ.
  • We believe that families can be sealed together forever through God’s power. The family is ordained of God and is central to his plan for us on earth and in the eternities. Perhaps that’s why the divorce rate in our church is so low. Divorces among actively-attending latter-day saints is just 25%.
  • We constantly study God’s word in the Bible. It is quoted in every church service, and members of the church are encouraged to read and study it regularly.
  • We believe that, in addition to the Bible, God gave us many witnesses of Christ. The Book of Mormon is a record of the people in the Americas during the same time period of the Bible, and it also teaches of Christ. We study both the Bible and the Book of Mormon and believe both to be the word of God. Read my summary of the Book of Mormon here.
  • We believe that, just as there were prophets and apostles in ancient times, there is a prophet leading our church today. Watch this video to see our current prophet teaching about Christ.
  • We believe that God created our spirits long before we were born mortally on this earth. As such, he is our Heavenly Father. One of the purposes of life is to learn to become like him and develop his characteristics and attributes in tiny ways while we are on this earth.
  • We believe that Jesus Christ sacrificed himself for all sin, pain, sickness, and evil. He filled the requirements of the law so that we can be forgiven of sin, raised again after our mortal bodies die, and live in eternal peace.
  • We have holy temples all around the world (in addition to our regular churches). These temples are places where we make additional promises to follow God after baptism. Read more about what our temples are for. Members of the church can be married in temples, as well as visiting regularly to learn about the creation of the world and our journey here on earth. All are welcome to visit the temple after first being prepared through baptism, but anyone can visit our churches each Sunday as they are open to the public.
  • We focus on trying to be better people by learning from Christ’s teachings. We’re taught to be honest, to be kind and respectful to others, to serve in our communities, to educate ourselves, to follow the 10 commandments, and to be kind to everyone around us.

The Rules of Being a Latter-Day Saint

I kind of laugh inside writing about the “rules.” Just like you, we can do anything we want! But we choose to do the following things to help us to be happier, to avoid sin, and to lead the best lives we can.

This is a brief look at some of the “rules” we follow, but I wrote a more complete post of the “rules” of being a latter-day saint here.

  • We follow all of the 10 commandments as best as we can, as well as other commandments from God as revealed by the prophets.
  • We keep the Sabbath day holy by spending our Sundays focused on God. We don’t shop or work on Sundays, but spend the day at church, with our families, reading scripture, and resting from worldly cares.
  • We don’t smoke, or drink alcohol. We have something called The Word of Wisdom that counsels us against things that could be harmful to our bodies, which we believe includes coffee and tea.
  • We give 10% of our earnings to the church, plus a generous donation each month to the poor. All local church leadership is unpaid. Everyone is a volunteer, so our tithing does not go to make anyone rich. The proceeds are used for building churches and temples, giving humanitarian aid to those in need, etc.
  • We believe that sexual relations should only exist between husband and wife in marriage. We don’t view pornography either. All sexual desire is to be between a man and a woman in marriage.
  • We don’t get tattoos (though we certainly welcome any who have them).
  • Adult members of our church who have been through the temple wear sacred garments underneath their clothing for the rest of their lives. It is a physical, daily reminder of the promises we make to follow Christ. Read more about our sacred garments here. (Note: This is for experienced members of the church who attend the temple. All our churches are open to the public, but more preparation is required to go to a temple).
  • Young members of the church serve for about 2 years as full-time missionaries. They pay their own way and don’t choose where they serve. The prophet and apostles of our church assign them to go to a specific mission area and it can be anywhere in the world.
  • When we drive, we only take right turns–never left. This can be very inconvenient for us because it means we often have to take three right turns to loop around the block to get to some places. Haha. Totally kidding. I had you going there for a minute 🙂

Commonly Misunderstood Beliefs About Latter-Day Saints

  • We don’t practice polygamy. My wife would be super ticked if we did. There was a subset of early members of our church (including some key leaders) who practiced polygamy 132 years ago, but no member of the church has practiced polygamy ever since.
  • We do not worship Joseph Smith in any way. We believe Joseph Smith was called by God in the 1830s to restore God’s church on the earth. We respect his willingness to serve God just like the prophets in the Bible, but he is a mortal person with flaws. We only worship God.
  • Latter-Day Saints do not believe that we can earn our own salvation. This is the #1 myth that I hear people say about us. We believe that only through Christ’s grace can we be saved. Period. The Book of Mormon teaches “there is no flesh that can dwell in the presence of God, save it be through the merits, and mercy, and grace of the Holy Messiah…” (2 Nephi 2:8)
  • Latter-Day Saints are Christian. The definition of a Christian is “one who strives to follow the teachings of Jesus Christ.” After all, the name of the church is The Church of JESUS CHRIST of Latter-Day Saints. We study Christ’s life constantly, we worship Christ, we do everything we can to follow his teachings.
  • Latter-Day Saints can use technology. After all, I’m writing to you from my laptop, while listening to some quiet music in my Airpods. Some people confuse us with Amish.
  • We don’t believe in “magical underwear.” Read my post about the sacred temple garments to understand more.
  • We don’t believe we’re better than people of other religions. I’m sure when we get to heaven, there will be many Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, and people of other religions who will be way ahead of me. God judges on the heart–and I’m sure many of them have better hearts than me. We do believe Christ’s words when he said, “Except a man be born of water and of the spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of heaven,” but we believe everyone will have the opportunity to accept baptism.

Beliefs About God’s Plan for Us

  • To us, the “plan of salvation” is God’s plan for our development. Our creation as spirits, our life on earth, death, and life in heaven.
  • We believe God is our loving Heavenly Father. He created all our spirits, which makes us all brothers and sisters in God’s family.
  • God put us here on earth as part of His plan. The purpose of earth life is to learn to “walk by faith and not by sight” (2 Corinthians 5:7). God placed a veil over our memory of life before birth. This makes us not remember our eternal life before this mortal journey, so that we may choose who we become without any external influences.
  • The purpose of life is to train our hearts to be good and kind– even with the mortal temptations of the body, the distractions of mortal life, and in a place where God is not physically present. We are to improve ourselves no matter the conditions of our birth, and to become gentle, kind, generous, and charitable to others. In short, to try and develop Christ’s characteristics.
  • Another purpose of life on earth is to have families with our physical bodies, and to raise our children.
  • Our mortal bodies will die, but after death, our spirits will live on. Because Jesus Christ overcame death, he will resurrect all people. All people will be raised from the dead.
  • We believe Christ’s repeated teachings in the Bible that we will be judged by our works here on earth. We all must be accountable before God for our righteous and evil acts. Jesus Christ has paid the price for our sins, and we can be made clean through his grace.

Beliefs About How We Worship God

  • Sunday services are reverent and reflective. We have no drums, rock bands, or speaking in tongues during our church services. I personally like Christian rock music, but we enjoy that at other times and focus our Sunday worship time in a more reflective and less distracting way.
  • Families are encouraged to study the Bible and Book of Mormon together every day. We have a program called “Come, Follow Me” where all members of the church study the same gospel topic on the same schedule. As an example, at the time of writing, we’re studying Genesis 6-11 in the Old Testament.
  • We have robust youth programs for children and teens. Children participate in the “primary” where they are taught the gospel at a basic level. Youth in the church have regular activities, adult leaders who spend time with them, and dedicated Sunday meetings to focus on their individual needs.


  1. I appreciate you post. I\’m an evangelical interested in learning about LDS beliefs and having civil dialog. One thing that surprised me was you comment that you don\’t worship Joseph Smith in any way. While I realize you don\’t worship him to the extent as, say, the Heavenly Father, I recall visiting a meeting house many years ago and one of the hymns that was sung was Praise to the Man. My wife and I were a little alarmed. It wasn\’t praise \”for\” the man but rather praise \”to\” the man. We have a well-known hymn (at least well-known to us boomers!) called \”Praise to the Lord, the Almighty.\” When we sing \”praise to the Lord,\” we certainly consider that worship. How do you see \”praise to the man\”? Thanks.

    I have a question for you. In a recent online dialog, a Latter Day Saint said that evangelicals will someday have a chance to enter the Celestial Kingdom (or spend eternity with the Heavenly Father, which I take to mean the same thing) because in the Millenium the Saints will be doing proxy baptisms for All those in the world who have ever lived who died without be baptized, or were not baptized by the proper authority, so that they will have the opportunity to accept that on their behalf. I

    1. That’s a fair comment, David. Thank you for posting it.

      We believe Joseph Smith was a mortal man. He was a very good man and God was able to use him to do God’s work on earth, but he was a flawed, mortal man. There is only one God who we worship.

      I could see how you would feel uncomfortable with a song “Praise to the man.” Without understanding how we feel about Joseph Smith being merely a man, I can see how that might seem odd. But I’ve also been at events where someone “toasts” another person, or says “hail the conquering hero” when someone returns from war, or even a mayor of a city “hails” a person as a hero who saved another person.

      Yes, Joseph Smith deserves praise for being God’s servant. So too does Moses, Abraham, and a the 15 year-old kid I saw today who was kind to a woman with special needs. We can praise each other for the good things we do, but we only worship God.

      I wouldn’t say at all that evangelicals, as you asked, are destined to the terrestrial kingdom in our doctrine. We don’t believe that. In fact, I think many Catholics, evangelicals, protestants, and even atheists, may be WAY ahead of me in heaven. We don’t have a monopoly on good people in our church. We do believe that eventually, we will all have to be baptized by one having the proper authority of God, but ALL PEOPLE will be given that chance, and if they were their best here on earth, they will be welcomed into the celestial kingdom.

  2. Sorry about the unfinished second paragraph. I really didn’t mean to send it. But since I started it, here’s the end: Another person said that the doctrine is clearly taught. I’ve been looking into LDS doctrine for about three years now and have never come across that teaching. In fact, I’ve been told that people such as I will probably end up in the Terrestrial Kingdom. What are your thoughts on the doctrine? Thanks again.

  3. Hi Jim, years ago I too was part of LDS in search of “belonging” and the “purpose” questions. I loved the members who were just as ‘human’ as I am. A misconception of society is that Christians don’t struggle with temptations. Any newbee in any church has a growth need where immaturity and lack of knowledge must result in a more Christ-like character…it’s a daily thing we all need. Anyway, I left LDS feeling it was too focused on Joseph Smith. I wasn’t so much as challenging his calling, it was the status the church seemed to have of him above Jesus Christ. Little of Christ was discussed in pamphlets or teachings in the St. Louis locations I was member at. I love the input you have which gives a better perspective than what I had back in the late 90’s and early 2000’s before I left. It seemed like a man-made religion back then. I am not stating heresies taught at all, please don’t misunderstand.

    Anyway, I do have a question about the ‘family’ and ‘marriages’ you mentioned. Jesus puts a lot of emphasis on who his family is, i.e. his mother, brother, sister being those who obey his Father in heaven (Matthew 12:48-50; Luke 8:21; Hebrews 2:11-12; Romans 8:29). Scripture says there are no marriages or relationships as we know them in the earth (Matthew 22:30; Mark 12:25; Luke 20:35). How does LDS align with that where husband & wives believe they will be together they way they are here? Or, am I reading too much into the LDS belief on this subject. And thank you for clarifying so much. Be blessed.

  4. Mr Harmer – Excellent writing and I sincerely mean that. Although I am Roman Catholic (and part of a subset that follows the Extraordinary Rite (aka Latin Mass which is pre-1962 Vatin II variety)) I totally appreciate the underlying similarities we share in our respective religeons. In the last year two neighbors have move in and flank me and these families are under 40, 3 kids each and amongst the nicest and most “stable” people I have known in my life, Jim (no exagerration). They show by their actions what a true Christian should be. They are calm, helpful, not overly “pushy” and the type of people that I would trust with my key. Thanks for allowing me to vent in a positive way. Many of us Roman Catholics need to live the Word by this example and not just pontificate on Sundays.

    1. Thank you for such a kind comment, William. I went to a catholic law school and really enjoyed my association with the people there. Helped me to grow an appreciation for your religion.

  5. Hi Jim,

    I found you on Backfire and somehow realized you are local to me. It would be great to chat more about ballistics and the Bible sometime. I have a barbershop here in town and would love to meet you next time you need your ears lowered!

    All the best,

    Adam (

  6. Hi there! I’m a Christian Baptist and have been looking into what the Church of Jesus Christ and Latter Day Saints believe. I was curious when you said in one of your comments, “In fact, I think many Catholics, evangelicals, protestants, and even atheists, may be WAY ahead of me in heaven.” How do you believe we are saved? Do you believe there is a Hell or something that happens to people if they are not saved? And I’m curious what you mean when you say, “We do believe that eventually, we will all have to be baptized by one having the proper authority of God.” Do you think that baptism is required in order to be saved? Because I do know you mentioned earlier in your article that we are saved by grace. I’m just trying to understand a little more about what y’all believe.

    And I also was curious about the evidence for the reliability of the Book of Mormon. I think I understand that it is believed that Joseph Smith was called by God to retrieve gold plates that had another set of writings from the Americas on them in the 1800s, but I’m just curious about the proof for the Book of Mormon. Thank you for being so open to talk about this!

    1. Thanks for your comment, Katherine.

      What I mean when I say that “many people of other religions may be WAY ahead of me when we get to heaven” is that God judges us on our hearts. Yes, I do believe there is a true religion and yes I do believe that baptism by one having authority is required to enter heaven. However, I think God will give us all the chance to accept a proper baptism whether in this life or the next, and many people who have better, kinder, and cleaner hearts than me may be WAY ahead of me.

      You also asked for proof of the Book of Mormon. That’s a natural question to ask. If you look into historical evidences, there are literally thousands, but honestly it’ll never be proven to you that way. Just like if you look for historical evidence of Christ, you could rightly call it unclear, the same is true with the Book of Mormon. In the end, the real evidence comes when you read the book and pray to know if it is true. You can get a completely free copy of the Book of Mormon here

  7. Jim:

    I stumbled across your website while looking for a Church manual. For an introduction to our beliefs, this is an excellent writeup. Thank you for creating it. I’ve bookmarked it for people who ask about our beliefs.

    I am a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, and if you’ll indulge me, I’d like to address Katherine’s and David’s desire for further clarification about who goes where after we die.

    The bottom line is that we don’t get to decide. Unto us it is given to forgive all men. The Lord Jesus Christ determines whom He will forgive, and He determines their fate. I also agree completely with you that members of our church do not have a monopoly on salvation. To say that I will go to heaven and Mother Teresa will not is absurd on its face.

    With that said, here are the Church’s teachings:
    * In order to perform baptism, one must have authority given by Christ (Hebrews 5:4; Acts 19:2-5).
    * Due to the Great Apostasy, that authority was lost (2 Thessalonians 2:3). It was restored when John the Baptist, as a resurrected person, appeared to Joseph Smith and gave him that authority by the laying on of hands and in the name of Jesus Christ.
    * This authority continues to reside in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. It is passed down from the apostles of the Church to members who are living worthily and are recommended to receive it. That is typically most males over the age of 16. However, even if a person is given the authority to perform the ordinance of baptism, they are not permitted to perform baptism (and it is not valid) without the approval of their bishop (or in the case of missionaries, their mission president).
    * For those who have died without the ordinance of baptism, it can be performed by proxy within a temple (1 Corinthians 15:29). We are taught this will be a major focus during the Millennial reign of Christ on Earth.

    At this time, we are taught that only the Church currently possesses the priesthood keys originally given by Jesus Christ to the apostle Peter. Baptisms outside this are lacking authority, as was the case we read in Acts 19. Thus, the Church sends missionaries throughout the world to bring people to Christ through baptism, and the Lord made provisions for those who did not receive baptism in life to receive it after death. All will know Christ for who he through the power of the Holy Spirit, and all will have the opportunity to choose His baptism.

    Again, the Lord Jesus Christ decides who will enter his kingdom. No church on earth can countermand the Lord’s will.

    A website’s comment section is inadequate for addressing this topic. If Katherine or David (or anyone else) has further questions, I recommend you refer them to the missionaries. Missionaries will meet with them online or in person; a visit can be requested via this website:
    (I suggest you add this link to the bottom of your excellent overview of our beliefs.)

    Best regards,

  8. Thanks Jim for the rare perspective rendered on the beliefs by the church of Jesus Christ of LDS.

    I’ve just been converted to The Church of Jesus Christ while not expecting to be confronted with a perfect doctrine. And so I wasn’t disappointed when I became subjected to different opinions about a seeming absurdity of its belief to the extent that I started a vigorous seeking for clarification. I pounced on your blog at such a moments. And I’m glad about your openness and the healthy debates it generated from commentaries.

    I am sticking on because the church of Jesus Christ of LDS made education a commandment in accordance with scriptural backing, and is investing heavily in it for spiritual and temporal needs of not just its members but others outside at such a ridiculously low fees.

    What a Christ-like strategy that is!

    1. Thanks for a great comment, Dominic. It’s common to feel your faith being challenged for a while. As you have more and more experiences with Heavenly Father in your life, you will find it becomes easier to believe. Keep the faith.

  9. I have enjoyed your blog and I am learning a lot as a student about the beliefs and myths regarding your church of Ladder-day Saints. One question regarding the #1 myth that you wrote regarding salvation by grace. I liked your response in quoting 2 Nephi 2:8, but how do you handle an apparent contradiction in the Book of Mormon where 2 Nephi 25:23 states “by grace we are saved, after all we can do.”

    Does this mean salvation and reconciliation with God is a combination of God’s grace plus the works that man does? Thank you for your thoughts on this question. God bless,

  10. Why is the St. George Utah Costco packed with “Latter-day Saints” on Sundays?

    Why do so few of the endowed and married young men and women in Southern Utah wear their temple garments as they have received instructions to do so?

    1. I live in St George and don’t go to Costco on Sundays, but I also don’t concern myself with how well others are keeping their covenants. That’s between them and God. I find plenty of ways to fail on my own, and just keep trying to improve.

  11. Why does such a large number of high school and university aged (approximating ages 14-24) “Latter-day Saint” females in Southern Utah wear provocative clothing which evidently is in contradiction to that encouraged as attire for covenant keepers by church leadership as well as publications such as “For the Strength of Youth.”??

    1. I live in Southern Utah and have kids that age. I tend to see much more appropriate attire here than in most places, but I also don’t concern myself with how well those around me keep their covenants. We are all striving to be Christlike and all of us fail in different ways.

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